The dos and don’ts of working on an art series
An art series is a unified, cohesive body of work that employs the same technique, subject, or palette throughout multiple works. Creating your own series can be an excellent way to improve your skills and explore a particular theme or style in greater detail. Having a series or two to your name is also helpful when showing your work in galleries, fairs or online, letting audiences know what you are capable of. It’s also a great opportunity to increase your sales by having multiple versions available for interested buyers. In this article, we outline the dos and don’ts when creating your own art series.
Stage 1: Finding a theme that will sustain your interest
Creating an art series can take a substantial chunk of time, so you’ll want to choose a theme that will sustain your interest for an extended period whilst avoiding being too general. Instead of ‘Space’ or ‘War’, try ‘The Moons of Saturn’ or ‘The Battle of the Somme’. These topics offer plenty of potential without being too vague and overarching.
The work of L. S. Lowry, for example, focused on social landscapes of industrial cities like Liverpool and Manchester. Though his work depicts a variety of different urban scenes, they are unified through his distinct colour palette of white, browns and greys, and the use of his signature ‘matchstick men’. Perhaps you’ve already created a piece of work that you feel has further potential for development, a set of characters that you’d like to employ, or maybe there’s a particular technique you’d like to experiment with in depth. Whatever your topic, find ways to make your art series distinct.
If you love ballet, for instance, how can you make your work distinct from other artists who have painted ballerinas, such as Edgar Degas? Maybe your dancers could occupy unusual locations: fairgrounds, factories or farmlands. Or perhaps you’ll paint them all in neon. However you approach it, make sure that it resonates with you personally, having an emotional connection with your subject is the best way to ensure you remain inspired. Your audience will be able to sense your interest, making the work all the more appealing and unique.
- Choose something that is specific or personal to you, but open to variation.
- Select a subject that will hold your interest for an extended period of time.
- Base your art series on something too general or broad.
- Imitate other artists—find a way to distinguish your take on the same theme.
Stage 2: Do your research
Research is especially important when creating an art series. Producing multiple artworks on the same theme means you must consolidate your understanding of the subject to approach it from multiple angles. Brainstorming your way around a topic is a great way to make unexpected associations, and identify any gaps in your knowledge. Once you have a basic outline of themes and sub-themes, start collecting research material. Try visiting the local library or searching online to find out how other artists have approached similar subjects, or experimented with certain colour palettes or mediums. Remember, you can, and should, conduct your own primary research alongside this: take photographs, make sketches, try out different compositional arrangements using collage, interview members of your community. Whatever will help you to build up a well of relevant reference material.
Think about what you want your art series to say as you evaluate this material, does a narrative emerge? Will your series be chronological or non-linear? What colours stand out, and what historical or cultural implications do they have? These are all important questions to consider at the research stage of your series.
- Brainstorm your area of interest.
- Take your time, visit the library and fill in the gaps in your knowledge.
- Conduct your own ‘primary source’ research: take photos, conduct interviews, sketch from life, etc.
- Build up a varied and high-quality stock of reference material.
- Consider chronology and narrative.
- Rely too heavily on the internet. Your first-hand observations are often the most unique and interesting!
- Rush! Research takes time, give yourself an adequate research period of 1–2 weeks (or longer) to collect high-quality reference material.
Stage 3: Set rules and parameters
Creating a series of artworks can be a delicate balancing act. A good series should allow each artwork to stand on its own, whilst simultaneously relating to the body of work as a whole. But how to make multiple works fit together without them becoming either too repetitive or disparate?
Creating a set of clear, cohesive rules will help to strike the right balance between consistency and difference. Take Monet, for example, who between 1890 and 1891 made over thirty paintings of the haystacks near his house in Giverny. In what was effectively an intricate study of light, Monet documented the haystacks at different times of the day through different seasons. A fairly simple idea that wielded beautiful results for Monet, who repeated this methodology in 1894 when he rented a room opposite Rouen Cathedral to paint its western façade. Keeping multiple canvases on the go, he moved from one to the next as the light shifted. When creating your own parameters, you’ll want to clarify your aim, followed by 2–4 simple rules. Let’s use Monet’s Rouen series as an example:
To capture an atmosphere through light
1. Fixed views of subject: work from designated positions
2. Paint at designated times, consistently through seasons (e.g. 08:00 – 10:00, 12:00-14:00, 16:00-18:00, 20:00-22:00)
3. Style: Impressionistic, using thick impasto layers of paint
4. Palette: Unlimited
Sticking to these simple rules, Monet created 30 unique individual pieces that only increase in beauty when seen as a whole. His parameters allowed him to capture the fleetingness of a single moment through his expressive portrayal of evanescent light upon a fixed and stony subject.
- Clarify the aim of your series.
- Make your rules simple and easy to follow.
- Be consistent with your parameters.
- Give yourself some element of freedom. For Monet, this was colour.
- Repeat the same scene with little or no variation.
- Set too many restrictions, or over-complicate your parameters.